High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders

Anthony A. Braga

in The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780195398823
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks

 High Crime Places, Times, and Offenders

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  • Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Crime Prevention
  • Policing


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This article assesses the theoretical and empirical evidence on the concentration of crime in a small number of places and times, and the concentration of offending among a small number of very active offenders. It describes the salience of co-offending to serious crime problems, and then studies the relationship between place dynamics and high-crime times, as well as some significant criminological theories and perspectives. The article also studies the concepts of urban violence, repeat victimization, and crime hot spots. It also shows how citywide crime rates can be controlled by focusing on crime-prevention resources on high-crime places, times, and offenders.

Keywords: high crime places; co-offending; serious crime problems; place dynamics; high-crime times; criminological theories; urban violence; repeat victimization; crime hot spots; citywide crime rates

Article.  9976 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Crime Prevention ; Policing

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