Article

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Data from Dyads and Groups

Deborah A. Kashy and M. Brent Donnellan

in The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195398991
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398991.013.0009

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Data from Dyads and Groups

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This chapter provides a detailed introduction to the analysis of nonindependent data from dyads and groups. We begin the chapter by examining current practices regarding dyadic and group research in social and personality psychology. We then present a set of basic definitions, as well as a brief introduction to multilevel modeling (MLM). Throughout the chapter we present SPSS syntax that can be used to specify the models we describe using variants of MLM. The remainder of the chapter is broken into two sections—the first focuses on dyadic contexts, and the second focuses on group contexts. For dyads we discuss both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, and we provide a detailed discussion of the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM), dyadic growth models, and lagged models. For groups we limit our presentation to methods for cross-sectional research; we describe the APIM for groups, the one-with-many design, and we provide a brief introduction to the social relations model. Examples of how these methods have been used to advance social and personality psychological science are given throughout.

Keywords: actor-partner interdependence model; dyadic data analysis; groups; nonindependent data; one-with-many design; quantitative methods; research methods; social relations model

Article.  20626 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology

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