Personality Influences on Group ProcessesThe Past, Present, and Future

Craig D. Parks

in The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195398991
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Personality Influences on Group ProcessesThe Past, Present, and Future

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This chapter addresses the role of personality traits in group decision-making and performance processes. I begin with a review of the history of interaction between group and personality researchers to show that, at one time, the domains went hand in hand. Methodological concerns in the 1950s, however, led group researchers to move away from personality, resulting in a piecemeal approach to personality influences in groups. Following this historical analysis, I review modern work in conflict, group performance, group decision-making, and group maintenance, with a key theme being that although there are few systematic studies of traits in groups, there is in fact quite a bit of isolated work being done. I conclude with a discussion of the barriers to increased collaboration between the two camps, why such collaboration is important for both, and some ideas about what a person x situation interaction within a group might refl ect.

Keywords: group decision-making; social dilemmas; group task performance; group membership

Article.  22269 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology

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