Classification of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Tali Manber Ball and Murray B. Stein

in The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195399066
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Classification of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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This chapter reviews the current diagnostic criteria of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Areas of specificity and overlap with major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are discussed. Despite significant overlap in symptom criteria, clinicians can reliably distinguish between these conditions. The chapter then discusses boundaries of the PTSD diagnosis as it currently stands, specifically focusing on the relationship and comorbidity between PTSD and complicated bereavement, dissociative disorders, personality disorders particularly borderline personality disorder, somatoform disorders, and chronic pain. The proposed syndrome of complex PTSD, designed to capture reactions to prolonged interpersonal trauma, is also described. Finally, issues relating to the cross-cultural validity of PTSD are raised. Topics relevant to the upcoming revision to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) are highlighted throughout.

Keywords: ptsd; diagnosis; complex ptsd; culture; dsm; dissociative disorders; complicated bereavement; chronic pain; borderline personality disorder

Article.  10632 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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