Risk and Protective Factors for Traumatic Stress Disorders

Lynda A. King, Anica P. Pless, Jennifer L. Schuster, Carrie M. Potter, Crystal L. Park, Avron Spiro and Daniel W. King

in The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195399066
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Risk and Protective Factors for Traumatic Stress Disorders

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This chapter provides an overview of risk and protective factors that may account for posttraumatic responses. In addition to risk and protective factors specifically for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the outcomes of resilience and posttraumatic growth are considered. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a longitudinal and especially a lifespan developmental framework to understand both the short- and long-term implications of trauma exposure and the factors that influence its consequences. A brief introduction to methodological approaches for documenting longitudinal change is presented, followed by suggestions for future research.

Keywords: risk factor; protective factor; ptsd; resilience; posttraumatic growth; longitudinal methods; lifespan perspective

Article.  10861 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology

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