Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Children and Adolescents

Melissa J. Brymer, Alan M. Steinberg, Patricia J. Watson and Robert S. Pynoos

in The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195399066
Published online November 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Children and Adolescents

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  • Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology



This chapter provides a review of basic concepts essential to understanding the nature and role of factors that may mediate or moderate the relationship between traumatic stress and a broad range of outcomes. Such intervening factors, including risk, vulnerability, protective, and resilience factors, can be conveniently accommodated within the categories of child intrinsic factors, family factors, and community ecology factors. Community-level and individual/family early interventions for children and adolescents after trauma are critically reviewed. Although many of these early interventions hold promise, a good deal more methodologically sound research using standardized measures is needed. Increase knowledge of risk, vulnerability, and resilience factors can facilitate the development of enhanced evidence-based early and intermediate interventions, clinical treatments, public policy, and trauma-informed services for traumatized children and their families across stages of recovery.

Keywords: traumatic stress; children and adolescents; prevention; early intervention; resilience

Article.  8638 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Clinical Psychology ; Developmental Psychology

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