Psychology’s Contribution to Military Training

Stephen L. Goldberg

in The Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780195399325
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

Psychology’s Contribution to Military Training

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  • Social Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology



Military psychologists have made significant contributions to training methods and media design. The introduction of a systems approach to training has brought order to the system. Development of individual training methods for both the schoolhouse and distance education and training have allowed for continuing skill development over the course of a career. Engagement simulation technology and the After Action Review (AAR) process brought realism and an effective way to discuss lessons learned. Simulator systems such as Simulator Network (SIMNET), Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT), and Distributed Mission Operations (DMO) have lowered the cost of training, while still exposing trainees to the full complexities of combat without the associated danger. Today’s emphasis on cognitive tasks and decision making takes training to the next level from knowing “how to” to knowing “when and where to.” Future work for military psychologists will include automating training processes and developing training methods to support the teaching of cultural adaptation.

Keywords: Military training; systems approach; simulation; collective training; intelligent tutor; after-action review

Article.  16176 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Social Psychology ; Organizational Psychology

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