Article

Temporal knowledge and autobiographical memory: an evolutionary perspective

John J. Skowronski and Constantine Sedikides

in Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780198568308
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198568308.013.0034

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Temporal knowledge and autobiographical memory: an evolutionary perspective

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  • Cognitive Psychology
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One characteristic of humans is that they have a sense of self. An examination of research and theory exploring the psychology of the self suggests that it has at least three important aspects. The first of these aspects is representation: the memory system contains mental structures that store and organize different kinds of self-relevant knowledge. In addition, some of the knowledge reflects episodic memories of specific life events. These memories contain perceptual details of events, as well as information about event contexts. The second attribute of the human self is that it maintains an executive function, regulating an individual's relation with the social and physical environment. The third attribute of the self is reflexivity. This term can be defined as the organism's ability to depict itself in its ongoing relation with other objects.

Keywords: self; representation; memory; system; knowledge; life; events; memories; environment; reflexivity

Article.  9480 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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