TMS: neurodevelopment and perinatal insults

Marjorie A. Garvey

in Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780198568926
Published online November 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191744013 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 TMS: neurodevelopment and perinatal insults

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  • Neuropsychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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Neural substrate for changes in neuromotor skills of typically developing children involves the complex and organized maturation of underlying brain structures. This article gives an overview of the changes that occur in motor function, as children get older and those aspects of central nervous development which may form the neural substrates of motor function development. It describes those TMS evoked parameters, related to the motor system, that have been studied in both typically developing children and in those who have suffered perinatal insults to the central nervous system. TMS has its limitations and is especially useful when used in combination with other neurophysiological modalities. The focus for future studies should be on correlating TMS evoked parameters with behavioural measures in typically developing children and explanation of the neural substrates of the motor abnormalities in children with perinatal insults and developmental disabilities.

Keywords: neuromotor skills; neural substrates; motor system; typically developing children; perinatal insults; central nervous system

Article.  9800 words. 

Subjects: Neuropsychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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