Article

Eye movements and on-line comprehension processes

Adrian Staub and Keith Rayner

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780198568971
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198568971.013.0019
Eye movements and on-line comprehension processes

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  • Psychology
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Reading is a rather complex process, in which comprehension at a number of levels is essential. This article provides an overview of how different kinds of variable influence eye movements. Because eye movements are a natural part of the reading process, secondary tasks are not needed to make inferences about reading comprehension. Rather, information about where readers fixate in the text and how long they look at different parts of the text provides remarkably reliable data about comprehension at a number of levels. This article first examines the characteristics of eye movements during reading, and then looks at the different eye movement measures that are typically employed in reading research. It also examines the effects of lexical processing, syntactic processing, and discourse processing on eye movements. Thus, the focus is on comprehension at the word level, at the level of syntax, and at the level of higher-level discourse.

Keywords: reading; eye movements; reading comprehension; lexical processing; syntactic processing; discourse processing; syntax

Article.  12830 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience

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