Article

Hypnosis in the treatment of conversion and somatization disorders

Franny C. Moene and Karin Roelofs

in The Oxford Handbook of Hypnosis

Published in print March 2008 | ISBN: 9780198570097
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198570097.013.0026

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Hypnosis in the treatment of conversion and somatization disorders

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Conversion disorder (CD) refers to the presence of deficits affecting the voluntary motor or sensory functions. These symptoms suggest neurological or other organic causes, but they are believed to be associated with psychological stressors. The presentation of conversion symptoms mimics a broad spectrum of neurological diseases. The symptoms were initially described in the context of hysteria, and have always been subject to debate and conceptual confusion. The debates are in the manner in which the disorder is classified within the two major current nosologies: in the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) CD it i listed as a type of somatoform disorder; In the ICD-10 (World Health Organization, 1992) it is given as a dissociative disorder. This article follows the DSM-IV criteria to describe the context of hypnosis in the treatment of the disorder. However in the theoretical review the article presents arguments for a dissociative classification.

Keywords: conversion disorder; somatization disorder; psychological stress; somatoform disorder; dissociative disorder

Article.  14140 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Research Methods in Psychology

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