Article

Memory, Imagination, and the Interpretation of Scripture in the Middle Ages

Mary Carruthers

in The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199204540
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199204540.003.0016

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Memory, Imagination, and the Interpretation of Scripture in the Middle Ages

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In one of the most moving acts of his reign, when Charlemagne decided to collect a great library to build up the palace school of his court in Aachen, he did so first by bringing over from England a person, Alcuin of York. Alcuin in turn collected a group of scholars about him, to form the palace school and thus to create the palace library. Of course they brought books with them, but mostly they brought their learning, stored away in the treasuries of their memories. In doing so, Charlemagne, wittingly or not, was realizing an antique and early Christian trope (and reality) that one finds articulated in Jerome and in Cassiodorus, among others — that of the learned person as a living library, one who makes for him- or herself a mental chest of memorized texts and materials, which are then always ready as a reference and meditation tool. Two questions at once present themselves. Most intriguing perhaps is how one might go about making oneself into a library (whether of Christ or not). But this question depends on a prior one: why would want to make oneself into a library? The bulk of this article is concerned with the question of how, but it first addresses the question of why. A common explanation of ‘why>’ is that oral societies rely on memory because they lack access to writing and written sources.

Keywords: Charlemagne; Alcuin of York; library; Jerome; Cassiodorus

Article.  8167 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Christianity ; History of Religion ; Philosophy of Religion

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