Article

Case in Optimality Theory

Helen de Hoop

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199206476
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199206476.013.0007

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Case in Optimality Theory

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Linguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

In optimality theory, a grammar consists of a set of constraints which are violable and typically conflicting. That these constraints are violable implies that an output of an input-output mapping can never be rejected because it violates certain constraints or too many constraints. When a set of constraints is identified, the possible rankings of these constraints will generate the possible types of languages that the theory predicts. Thus, optimality theory provides a general means for constructing particular grammars from weighting certain constraints, and for generating theoretical typologies of possible languages from the same constraints. The very first application of optimality theory in syntax happened to be on the subject of case. This article explores case in optimality theory and considers the high or low prominence of arguments. It also discusses the concepts of case assignment, uniqueness, faithfulness, and markedness.

Keywords: optimality theory; grammar; syntax; constraints; arguments; prominence; case assignment; uniqueness; faithfulness; markedness

Article.  5097 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.