Article

Case Marking and Alignment

Balthasar Bickel and Johanna Nichols

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199206476
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199206476.013.0021

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics

 Case Marking and Alignment

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Linguistics
  • Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Alignment is standardly illustrated with ergative vs. accusative coding of subjects as in Basque and Russian. It is the identical versus distinct coding or treatment or behaviour of argument roles that are different at some other level or in some other part of the grammar. Alignment of case marking can be seen as a generalised version of morphological syncretism: the same marker covers different argument roles but, unlike classical syncretism, it does so across all, or nearly all, paradigms. Split-S, or stative-active (or similar terms), is generally taken to be an alignment type on a par with accusative, ergative, etc. This article first considers case marking in the broad sense: morphological cases (whether marked by affixes, clitics, separate case words, ablaut, tone changes, etc.) and adpositions. It also looks at all alignment types involving arguments, including those where arguments are coded as adjuncts or possessors, along with compound verbs and non-lexical conditions.

Keywords: alignment; argument roles; arguments; case marking; stative-active; adpositions; morphological cases; adjuncts; possessors; compound verbs

Article.  5527 words. 

Subjects: Linguistics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.