Article

Khirbet Qumran and Its Environs

Eric M. Meyers

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199207237
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199207237.003.0002

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

Khirbet Qumran and Its Environs

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This article makes it clear that there is a connection between the caves and the settlement of Khirbet Qumran. Although no scrolls have been found at the site, there is evidence in the artificially cut Cave 4, and Caves 7, 8, and 9, and the pottery found in the caves. There is also strong evidence to support the idea that the majority of inhabitants from Qumran lived in the caves, and it would have been they who hid the scrolls from the advancing Roman armies either at the time of the first destruction of Qumran in 9/8 or 4 BCE or of the Great Revolt in 68 CE. Recently, some scholars have proposed that members of the elite Temple establishment or the Judaean synagogue communities fleeing the Roman armies, wanted to save the scrolls of the Jewish community and deposited them in the Qumran caves.

Keywords: Khirbet Qumran; pottery; Roman armies; Great Revolt; Judaean synagogue; Qumran caves

Article.  12126 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religion in the Ancient World ; Judaism and Jewish Studies ; Religious Studies

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