Article

The Classical Sources on the Essenes and the Scrolls Communities

Joan E. Taylor

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199207237
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199207237.003.0008

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

The Classical Sources on the Essenes and the Scrolls Communities

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The nature of groups named in classical sources as ‘Essenes’ was considered in scholarship of Second Temple Judaism long before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but discussion of the Essenes has intensified greatly during the last sixty years. This article reviews the classical sources on the Essenes. It notes propositions on how the Essenes may relate to the scrolls communities and considers how variant opinions may be resolved, with particular reference to the Serekh.

Keywords: Second Temple Judaism; Serekh; Dead Sea Scrolls; Essenes; scrolls communities

Article.  13120 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religion in the Ancient World ; Judaism and Jewish Studies ; Religious Studies

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