Article

The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls

James C. VanderKam

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199207237
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199207237.003.0011

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls

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The work that is today called the Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch is actually a collection of ancient booklets written at different times by several authors, almost all of them composed in the Aramaic language. They all share the trait that Enoch is the speaker and/or protagonist. Though a book of Enoch was known and fairly widely used in antiquity, most of the text was lost to Western readers until copies of the Ethiopic translation of the book were brought from Abyssinia to Europe beginning in the late eighteenth century CE. This article describes the components, the textual evidence, and influential themes in 1 Enoch. It also considers the place of the book in Second Temple Judaism and evaluates the Enochic–Essene hypothesis.

Keywords: Book of Enoch; ancient booklets; Aramaic language; 1 Enoch; Second Temple Judaism; Enochic–Essene hypothesis

Article.  11026 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Judaism and Jewish Studies ; History of Religion

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