Article

The Continuity of Biblical Interpretation in the Qumran Scrolls and Rabbinic Literature

Bilhah Nitzan

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199207237
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199207237.003.0015

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 The Continuity of Biblical Interpretation in the Qumran Scrolls and Rabbinic Literature

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Considering Qumranic hermeneutical systems with regard to form, this article distinguishes between ‘internal interpretation’ integrated within rewritten biblical books, such as the Temple Scroll, and ‘external interpretation’ which is separated from the biblical lemma. The latter forms appear in the pesharim and in the genre called halakhic midrash. With regard to content, the discussion distinguishes between two hermeneutical systems of ancient literature: interpretation that attempts mainly to explain the reality of the biblical period; and interpretation that attempts to adapt the content of the Bible to the reality of a later period. The first is found in the Qumran scrolls primarily within the ‘Rewritten Scriptures’, and the latter is represented in the pesharim and some types of halakhic midrash.

Keywords: Qumranic hermeneutical systems; biblical lemma; halakhic midrash; peshari; Rewritten Scriptures

Article.  6663 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Judaism and Jewish Studies ; Religious Studies ; Religion in the Ancient World

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