Article

The Northern European Atlantic World

Wim Klooster

in The Oxford Handbook of the Atlantic World

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199210879
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199210879.013.0010

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

 The Northern European Atlantic World

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Confronted with the establishment of Portugal and Spain as the hegemonic Atlantic powers, northern Europe — France, England, and the Netherlands — initially tried to obtain African and American riches by raiding and trading. Successful colonisation of the New World had to wait until the early seventeenth century, and settlements remained small until the 1640s. By then, northern Europe held sway in various parts of North America, the Caribbean, and Brazil, and had captured Portugal's main West African trading station. As raiders, traders, and settlers, they had formed relations with native Africans and Americans, who had often enabled them to survive. But prejudice against their new neighbours intensified. This article looks at the northern European Atlantic world, focusing on privateers, merchants, and fishermen as well as informal intermediaries.

Keywords: Portugal; Spain; Atlantic; colonisation; privateers; merchants; fishermen; informal intermediaries; northern Europe; Caribbean

Article.  8078 words. 

Subjects: History ; European History

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