People and places in the Americas

Richard L. Kagan

in The Oxford Handbook of the Atlantic World

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199210879
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

 People and places in the Americas

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Writing in the wake of King George's War, Edmund Burke, together with his cousin, offered the first comparative analysis of European settlement patterns in the New World in his Account of the European Settlement of America (1757). Although Burke never crossed the Atlantic, he was still able to provide insights into the ‘comparatively weak’ state of Spanish settlement in New Mexico, the lack of ‘towns and villages’ in New France, and the defects in James Oglethorpe's plan in Georgia to create a colony based on small, independent farms. This article examines patterns of European settlement in selected portions of the Americas (South, Central, and North America). It also considers the primacy of towns in Spanish America, settlement in Luso-America, the settlement patterns that developed in France's New World colonies, merchants and traders in Dutch America, and the ‘planting’ of British North America.

Keywords: Edmund Burke; settlement; New World; Atlantic; towns; New France; Americas; Spanish America; Luso-America; Dutch America

Article.  8593 words. 

Subjects: History ; History of the Americas

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