A History of Corporate Social Responsibility

Archie B. Carroll

in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211593
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191576997 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

A History of Corporate Social Responsibility

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The purpose of this article on corporate social responsibility (CSR) concepts and practices, referred to as just ‘social responsibility’ (SR) in the period before the rise and dominance of the corporate form of business organization, is to provide an overview of how the concept and practice of SR or CSR has grown, manifested itself, and flourished. It considers how the CSR concept, expanded from its focus on a few stakeholders, close at hand, to be more far reaching and inclusive, eventually becoming global in scope. In addition, it briefly considers what organizational activities and changes have taken place to accommodate these new initiatives, to the point at which it has become fully institutionalized today. It becomes apparent that today, well into the first decade of the 2000s, CSR in many firms is moving towards full integration with strategic management and corporate governance.

Keywords: corporate social responsibility; business organization; organizational activities; strategic management; corporate governance

Article.  12003 words. 

Subjects: Business Strategy ; Business History

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