Philip Morgan

in The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199211869
Published online January 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology


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Nazism is often distinguished from other European fascist movements, especially Italian fascism, on the grounds that racist antisemitism distinctively defined Nazi ideology and policy. While taking the importance of antisemitism to Nazism as a given, this article maintains that racism and antisemitism were implicit in all fascist ideology, although articulated in different forms and ways by individual fascist movements. The analysis emphasizes the common population policies of the fascist regimes in Italy and Germany, and evaluates recent scholarship that has changed our understanding of Italian fascist antisemitism and the role of fascism in making the Holocaust possible.

Keywords: Nazism; antisemitism; fascist movements; racism; Italian fascism; Holocaust

Article.  6150 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Judaism and Jewish Studies

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