Edward B. Westermann

in The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199211869
Published online January 2011 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology


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Problem solvers who were essential Holocaust protagonists included the killers, who are the focus of this article. The victims of the Holocaust died not only by the thousands in gas chambers and in mass shootings, but also daily in small groups or alone during cold-blooded reprisals or at the whim of soldiers, policemen, and Nazi administrators. The executioners included the various forces of Himmler's SS and police empire, ethnic German and indigenous auxiliaries, and units of the German armed forces. The article sets out the complex dispositional and situational factors that made these organizations so devastating to the regime's putative political, social, and racial enemies.

Keywords: mass shootings; executioners; police; armed forces; gas chambers; Germany

Article.  5542 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Judaism and Jewish Studies

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