Article

Liberation and Dispersal

Arieh J. Kochavi

in The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199211869
Published online January 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199211869.003.0034

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology

 Liberation and Dispersal

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This article focuses on an immediate aftereffect of the Holocaust: the liberation and dispersal of survivors. When World War II ended, Germany had fewer than 28,000 German Jews and 60,000 Jewish survivors from other countries. By the end of 1947, approximately 250,000 Jews constituted some 25 percent of all the Displaced Persons (DPs) in the British, French, and American occupation zones of Germany. Most of this influx of refugees came from Soviet bloc countries with Moscow's knowledge and consent, and the overwhelming majority concentrated in American-occupied territory, where they received preferential treatment. In contrast, Britain's restrained policy toward the Jewish DPs stemmed first and foremost from its efforts to keep them from entering Palestine. For their part, the Jewish DPs created self-governing Jewish camps and started their long process of mental and physical rehabilitation with the aid of refugee organizations. Many had to stay in Germany and Austria for years, at least until the establishment of the State of Israel, because the western democracies were ambivalent about admitting them.

Keywords: Jews; Holocaust; survivors; Displaced Persons; Jewish camps; rehabilitation

Article.  7008 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Religious Studies ; Judaism and Jewish Studies

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