Article

Environmental “Vitamins”, Personal Judgments, Work Values, and Happiness

Peter Warr

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well Being

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211913
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199211913.003.0004

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Environmental “Vitamins”, Personal Judgments, Work Values, and Happiness

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Happiness and unhappiness are major drivers of organizational life, central to the establishment and achievement of goals. They are also significantly linked to several forms of behavior. Correlations between job satisfaction and job performance average about +0.20, with stronger associations in managerial and professional jobs. Significant associations are consistently found in respect of organizational citizenship behaviors—helping colleagues, being friendly, suggesting improvements, volunteering for additional tasks, and so on. This article sets out an overall framework that incorporates both environment-centered and person-centered perspectives. It views environmental influences on worker's happiness or unhappiness in terms of twelve primary job features. It proposes to associate these, and several subcategories, with worker reactions in a non-linear fashion, and develops an analogy with the impact of vitamins on physical health.

Keywords: happiness; organizational life; job satisfaction; organizational citizenship behaviors; physical health

Article.  11910 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Human Resource Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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