Work–Life Balance

Steven Poelmans, Heather Odle‐Dusseau and Barbara Beham

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well Being

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211913
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Work–Life Balance

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The issues surrounding work and family interactions have received increasing attention over the past twenty years, and have become a major concern for both employees and their employers. Across families with growing caring responsibilities, working men and women are undergoing an intensification of work–family conflict. In order to avoid or cope with work–family conflict and the resulting strains, couples have started to postpone and control their procreative activity, resulting in an increasing average first childbearing age and a considerable reduction in fertility. Although the incorporation of women is improving productivity in the short and mid-term, it may have an opposite effect in the long term, unless solutions can be found for combining work and caring responsibilities. This article defines some basic concepts (work–family conflict, work–family enrichment, work–family balance, and harmonization) and their causes and consequences.

Keywords: work–family conflict; childbearing age; fertility; work–family enrichment; work–family balance; harmonization

Article.  14714 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Human Resource Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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