Article

Work Hours, Work Intensity, and Work Addiction

Ronald J. Burke and Lisa Fiksenbaum

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well Being

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211913
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199211913.003.0012

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Work Hours, Work Intensity, and Work Addiction

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This article reviews the literature on the antecedents and consequences of working hours, work intensity, and work addiction particularly among managers and professionals. The dependent variables associated with these include health-related illnesses, injuries, sleep patterns, fatigue, heart rate, and hormone level changes, as well as several work/non-work life balance issues. Motives for working long hours such as joy in work, avoiding job insecurity or negative sanctions from a superior, and employer demands, are addressed in detail, and a multitude of moderators shown to have affected the work hours and well-being relationship are reviewed. These include reasons for working long hours, work schedule autonomy, monetary gain, and choice in working long hours. This article suggests a need for more research to understand better the effects of work hours, work intensity, and workaholism, as well as providing a number of implications and organizational and societal suggestions for addressing work-hour concerns.

Keywords: working hours; work intensity; work addiction; health-related illnesses; injuries; sleep patterns; fatigue; heart rate; hormone level changes

Article.  14211 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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