Article

The Impact of Working Hours and Working Patterns on Physical and Psychological Health

Bruce Kirkcaldy, Adrian Furnham and Roy Shephard

in The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well Being

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199211913
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199211913.003.0013

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 The Impact of Working Hours and Working Patterns on Physical and Psychological Health

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There is a growing debate concerning the influence of the sheer number of working hours on physical and psychological health which has been heightened by the introduction of the European Directive on Working Time. This directive underlines such time-related parameters as a minimum rest period of eleven consecutive hours in every twenty-four hours of work, mandatory rest days, a minimum annual entitlement of four weeks paid leave, acceptable arrangements for night work, including a limitation to no more than an average of eight in twenty-four hours, and a maximum working week of 48 hours. This article reviews the evidence relating to working hours and working patterns on both physical and psychological health. It focuses specifically on work: when, and for how long people choose to, or are required to, be at work.

Keywords: working hours; psychological health; European Directive; working time; working patterns

Article.  11459 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Human Resource Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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