Article

Overview: Rural Production

Della Hooke

in The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199212149
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199212149.013.0017

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

Overview: Rural Production

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An increasingly clear picture has begun to emerge of the rural landscape of Anglo-Saxon England and how it was exploited. The new technique of Light Detection and Ranging survey can now penetrate beneath woodland and is likely to produce equally impressive results. This part of the book determines changes in crop cultivation, with less emphasis on pastoralism, as in other parts of the North Sea zone, incidentally affecting farmstead and village layout. One of the most important developments in Anglo-Saxon times was the spread of open-field farming. Agricultural techniques and field systems obviously varied across the country. Any discussion of rural production in Anglo-Saxon England must therefore consider both the chronological and spatial aspects of the evidence. If anything like a true picture of the environment at this time is to be obtained, more environmental studies are urgently required — whether of pollen series, or snails, beetles, and the like.

Keywords: rural landscape; Anglo-Saxon England; woodland; crop cultivation; open-field farming; agricultural techniques

Article.  4667 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology

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