Article

Anglo‐Saxon Crafts

Kevin Leahy

in The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199212149
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199212149.013.0024

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Anglo‐Saxon Crafts

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This article provides an overview of Anglo-Saxon crafts and refers to some of the issues involved. Lacking the screw thread, the Anglo-Saxon craftsmen would have made extensive use of wedges to secure clamps and vices while working. An important and widely traded product of the Stamford kilns were crucibles made of clean, white-firing clay that was heat-resistant. The basic methods used to work non-ferrous metals differ from those used to work iron. Amongst the finds from Tattershall Thorpe was a mass of copper-alloy off-cuts, probably intended for the melting pot, and six garnets: two cut to shape, three irregular, and a chip. The making of glass from the raw materials, suitable sand, lime, and soda or potash, requires a lot of heat and it is necessary to reach a temperature of around 1,700°C. The pottery industry does not seem to have benefited from the Anglo-Saxon take-over.

Keywords: Anglo-Saxon crafts; Anglo-Saxon craftsmen; Stamford kilns; non-ferrous metals; iron; Tattershall Thorpe; glass; pottery

Article.  7618 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology

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