Article

Historical Sources and Archaeology

James Campbell

in The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199212149
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199212149.013.0048

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Historical Sources and Archaeology

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The shortfalls of burial evidence are plain enough in approaching the central problem: that of the fate of the Britons. The possible genocidal element in the Anglo-Saxon invasions may have been exaggerated in the nineteenth century, but underestimated in the twentieth. The ‘archaeological record’, as expected, raises more questions than it answers. The ‘Tribal Hidage’ as a tribute list directs attention to relations between kingdoms, a theme on which archaeology offers little beyond theories based on the movement of valuable goods, although an effort has been made to link grave patterns to hegemony. Two themes resound through the two volumes of Domesday and all the silver pennies: powerful administration and serious wealth. There is no doubt about the intellectual weight of the English church, at least for a generation or so around 700.

Keywords: Anglo-Saxon invasions; archaeological record; Tribal Hidage; Domesday; silver pennies; English church; powerful administration; wealth

Article.  8017 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology

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