Article

Trade and Development

Hunter Nottage

in The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780199231928
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199231928.013.0017

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Law

 Trade and Development

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This article evaluates the integration of developing countries in the World Trade Organization (WTO) legal regime. It aims to complement the economic analysis with a legal assessment of the rules that have attempted to accommodate the special position of developing countries in world trade. It provides a historical overview of the GATT 1947 and WTO rules. The next section reviews developing-country participation in WTO dispute settlement, observing the lack of engagement by the vast majority of developing countries. It outlines the four constraints commonly identified as explaining that lack of participation. The next section is on fifth factor that has yet to receive much attention, namely, that a high proportion of developing-country trade falls under preferential rules that are not enforceable in WTO dispute settlement proceedings. This article intended to raise an awareness of the opportunity costs of those rules as a matter of enforceable WTO law.

Keywords: economic analysis; world trade; legal assessment; developing-country; constraints

Article.  10839 words. 

Subjects: Law ; International Law

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