Trade and Human Rights

Lorand Bartels

in The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780199231928
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Law

 Trade and Human Rights

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This article addresses two main strands in the literature on trade and human rights, one focusing on the positive and the other focusing on the negative relationship between the two fields. It looks at three main areas in which trade and human rights are interrelated, focusing on the different approaches adopted by the two subdisciplines of trade and human rights law. Firstly, it concerns the negative effects of a country's trade policies on other countries, in particular protectionist trade policies. Then it looks at the corollary problem of the losses caused by trade liberalization. It considers the phenomenon of trade rules designed to promote free trade but which go beyond liberalization. This article concludes with an account of the ways in which the major trade and human rights institutions have reacted to these issues over the past few decades.

Keywords: trade; human rights; negative relationship; liberalization; trade policies

Article.  12577 words. 

Subjects: Law ; International Law ; Human Rights and Immigration

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