Gender and Religion in Archaeology

Sarah Milledge Nelson

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199232444
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Gender and Religion in Archaeology

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This article examines the types of evidence that have been used to discuss gender and religion. Burials are often examined in terms of ritual and ideology. Three Chinese Neolithic examples are considered, which demonstrate various types of evidence that have been discussed in terms of religion: Xishuipo with dragon and tiger mosaics surrounding a burial, Yuanjunmiao with special burials of girls, and Niuheliang with jade emblems. It then discusses religious activities, such as sacrifices, divination, curing, and communicating with spirits or powers are often, but not always, gendered.

Keywords: archaeological study; burials; ritual; Chinese Neolithic; religious activities

Article.  5369 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Historical Archaeology

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