North America

Kelley Hays‐Gilpin

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199232444
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

North America

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology of North America



The archaeology of Pueblo religions connects material evidence for ritual practice with ethnography and ethnohistory. Pueblo people still live where their ancestors did when Spanish explorers first entered what is now the Southwestern United States in 1540, and traditional religions are still practiced. Archaeological evidence suggests that Pueblo religion emerged around ad 600 as kin-group-based ritual practice focused on maize agriculture; experienced regional differentiation over the next 800 years; and coalesced in elaborate calendars of labor-intensive sequences of ritual performances by ad 1400. This article discusses the diverse Pueblo community histories and archaeological affiliations; basketmaker beginnings; kivas, kin, and ritual sodalities; the Chaco rituality, migration and reorganization, regional iconographies; katsinas, calendars, and conflict; and missions, revolt, and renewal.

Keywords: archaeology; Pueblo communities; religion; rituals

Article.  10465 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of North America

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribeRecommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »