Karina Croucher

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199232444
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology


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This article addresses Anatolia during the Neolithic, a time-span covering approximately 5,000 years, and a geographical region broadly covering modern-day central and southern Turkey. The period is traditionally divided up chronologically into time spans which broadly correspond to those of the Levant. These are, the Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN), which is further subdivided into the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) (c.10000–8550), and Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, which is itself further subdivided into early, middle and late: EPPNB (c8550–8100), MPPNB (c8100–7300), the LPPNB (c7300–6750), and the Pre-Pottery Neolithic C (PPNC) (c6750–6300). This is followed by the Pottery Neolithic (PN), which includes the subdivisions of ‘Hassuna’ and ‘Samarra’ (until c6000), and ‘Halaf’ (c6000–5200) periods. The sites chosen include features ranging from the small to large-scale: Domuztepe with its Death Pit, containing the disarticulated and further fragmented remains of around forty people; Göbekli Tepe, a mountain-top site displaying monumental stone pillars, sculptures, and shrines; and Çayönü Tepesi, with its communal architecture and ‘special buildings’, including the Skull Building, which contained the remains of over 450 people.

Keywords: religion; ritual; Pre-Pottery Neolithic; Pottery Neolithic; Levant; Domuztepe; Death Pit; Göbekli Tepe; Capital Çayönü Tepesi

Article.  9699 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Archaeology of the Near East

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