Article

Tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199233281
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199233281.013.0021

Series: Oxford Library of Psychology

 Tinnitus

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Tinnitus is an auditory sensation (ringing of the ears) experienced when no external sound is present. Tinnitus is commonly divided into objective and subjective tinnitus. This article considers subjective tinnitus, which is a phantom sound sensation often accompanying hearing loss and head and neck injuries, or manifesting itself as a hypersensitivity to various drugs. Tinnitus sensations associated with hearing loss are nearly always localized towards the affected ear. This article discusses the issue if tinnitus is in the ear or in the brain. Tinnitus-inducing agents in humans have been listed on the basis of epidemiological and clinical studies. This suggests that most often tinnitus is related to hearing loss and potentially exacerbated by aging. There is a large body of literature, mainly originating from studies of the visual cortex, that suggests a role of neural synchrony in perceptual binding.

Keywords: tinnitus; sound sensation; hearing loss; clinical studies; aging

Article.  9154 words. 

Subjects: Psychology ; Cognitive Neuroscience ; Cognitive Psychology

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