Article

Institutional Transformation in European Post‐Communist Regimes

Ivan Szelenyi and Katarzyna Wilk

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199233762
Published online May 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199233762.003.0020

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management

 Institutional Transformation in European Post‐Communist Regimes

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As the post-communist societies are in the second phase of transition, there is a fundamental inconsistency in the logic of their economic and welfare institutions. This article argues that, in the early stages of transition, it was the reorganization of the economy that dominated the process of institutional change. For some forty years of socialism, the former socialist countries had been on a convergence trajectory. They had entered the socialist experiment at very different levels of economic development, with different institutional arrangements and major cultural–religious differences. Although these differences did not disappear altogether, they were substantially reduced. But as communism broke down, the old fault-lines re-emerged, and the European socialist countries split between Central and Eastern Europe. The article begins by conceptualizing these different trajectories in European socialist countries from socialism and then proceeds to show how this has impacted on the two phases of transformation that have taken place.

Keywords: post-communist societies; institutional change; socialism; economic development; socialist countries

Article.  8283 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Public Management and Administration ; International Business

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