Article

State Failure

John A. Hall

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199233762
Published online May 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199233762.003.0021

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management

 State Failure

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One of the most clearly established generalizations in comparative social science is that economic development rests on the back of services provided by the state. The main task of this article is to reverse the picture, by considering the conditions under which states do and do not provide the institutional basis upon which economic activity can be built. A successful state is one that provides order, belonging, and affluence to the society that controls it. The sociological factors involved in the creation of states of this sort can be specified immediately, albeit later discussion of the absence of these factors elsewhere highlights their character. Almost everything follows from one simple consideration, namely that these states were created in a Darwinian world, which mandated fiscal extraction. In consequence, bureaucracies were created to penetrate and organize social life.

Keywords: social science; economic activity; sociological factors; Darwinian world; bureaucracies

Article.  7017 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Business Ethics ; Public Management and Administration

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