Article

Modeling the Influence of Personality on Individuals at Work: A Review and Research Agenda

Jeff W. Johnson and Sarah A. Hezlett

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199234738
Published online September 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199234738.003.0004

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

 Modeling the Influence of Personality on Individuals at Work: A Review and Research Agenda

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The purpose of this article is to review research relevant to understanding the processes through which personality influences work outcomes. It first provides an overview of personality constructs prominent in the literature on personality at work. Next, the article reviews recent research on personality measurement, including: issues associated with different measurement methods; and how the level of measurement and alternative personality taxonomies influence relationships between personality and work outcomes. It summarizes models describing the processes underlying observed correlations between personality traits and both attitudes and performance. The article then presents an integrated model of the relationship between personality and performance that pulls together aspects of each model reviewed. This model highlights the mediating role attitudes play in the path from personality to performance. The article closes with a research agenda suggested by the integrated model.

Keywords: personality; work outcomes; integrated model; performance; research agenda

Article.  14084 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management ; Human Resource Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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