Validity of Selection Procedures

Neal Schmitt and Jessica Fandre

in The Oxford Handbook of Personnel Psychology

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199234738
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191577093 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Business and Management C

Validity of Selection Procedures

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  • Human Resource Management
  • Organizational Theory and Behaviour


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This article addresses two major issues: How psychologists conceptualize the validity of the procedures they develop and use to select employees; and what reasonable estimates of the validity of those procedures are. Changes in the way one conceptualizes validity are obvious in the American Psychological Association Guidelines, the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Principles, as well as recent textbook treatments of validity. At the same time that these changes in the ideas about measure validity have occurred, the use of meta-analysis has radically changed the discipline's thinking regarding the magnitude of the validity and utility of selection procedures, as well as their generalizability. Procedures developed to assess the extent of validity generalization have prompted a focus on true validity.

Keywords: psychologists; validity; American Psychological Association; Organizational Psychology; selection procedures

Article.  11336 words. 

Subjects: Human Resource Management ; Organizational Theory and Behaviour

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