Latin America

Lars Schoultz

in The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199236961
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

Latin America

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  • Cold War
  • History of the Americas
  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)



This chapter examines the role of Latin America in the Cold War. It explains that Latin America did not play a significant independent role in the Cold War and largely served as a symbol whereby communist adversaries could attempt to tilt the bipolar balance of power. It discusses how Latin America's military became the U.S. government's vehicle for meeting the communist challenge and highlights America's fear that Moscow-directed local communists would consolidate their strength among important social groups, especially labor unions, and eventually seize power at a propitious moment. Thus, the U.S policy focus for Latin America turned to military aid.

Keywords: Latin America; Cold War; balance of power; communist adversaries; local communities; social groups; labor unions; policy focus; military aid

Article.  11101 words. 

Subjects: History ; Cold War ; History of the Americas ; Contemporary History (Post 1945)

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