Internal Challenges to the Cold War

Philipp Gassert

in The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199236961
Published online January 2013 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

Internal Challenges to the Cold War


This chapter examines the internal challenges or oppositional movements to the Cold War in both the East and West. It suggests that the challenges to the Cold War paradigm can be divided into societal challenges such as the anti-Vietnam protests and the 1956 Hungarian uprising and government-led oppositions to the Cold War order as part of domestic foreign policy. The chapter analyzes five core periods of the Cold War including the Korean War, the 1954 hydrogen bomb testing on Bikini Atoll, and the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. The analysis reveals that the Cold War order was almost never unchallenged from 1947 to 1990.

Keywords: Cold War; internal challenges; oppositional movements; East; West; societal challenges; anti-Vietnam protests; Hungarian uprising; domestic foreign policy

Article.  8691 words. 

Subjects: History ; Cold War

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