The Religious Cold War

Dianne Kirby

in The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199236961
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191750328 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in History

The Religious Cold War

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This chapter, which examines the place of religion during the Cold War years, suggests that there were conflicting attitudes toward religion in both the United States and the Soviet Union. It explains that Protestant suspicion of the Vatican complicated U.S.–Vatican relations while church leaders within the Soviet bloc were divided between those who advocated cooperation and those who preferred resistance and active opposition. The chapter also contends that religion provided the United States with a stick with which to beat the new communist regimes, and argues that the so-called religious Cold War influenced religion in the West and the developing world in a variety of ways.

Keywords: religion; Cold War; United States; Soviet Union; Protestant; Vatican; church leaders; new communist regimes; West; developing world

Article.  12851 words. 

Subjects: Cold War

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