Article

Archaeological Communities and Languages

Kristian Kristiansen

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199237821
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199237821.013.0024

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Archaeology

 Archaeological Communities and Languages

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The recent expansion of the heritage sector is linked to developments of infrastructure, leading to developer-funded rescue archaeology, and cultural tourism, which shifted the public presentation of the past from museums to monuments in the landscape. This article sets out to critically analyse effects this has had on archaeological communities and research, which have become predominantly local and monolingual. These changes are linked to wider changes in society under postmodernism, known in archaeology as post-processualism. The heritage sector is bound to reflect these changes due to its ideological role as protector and manager of national heritage throughout the world. While this development has undoubtedly opened new doors to interpretation and public presentation, this article focuses on some of its unintended consequences. These changes are traced through time in an analysis of heritage terminology, followed by an analysis of the language of citations in international journals in some large and smaller countries in Europe.

Keywords: heritage sector; archaeological communities; post-processualism; language of citations; cultural tourism

Article.  6622 words. 

Subjects: Archaeology ; Contemporary and Public Archaeology

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