Article

Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms

David M. Cutler, Adriana Lleras-Muney and Tom Vogl

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199238828
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199238828.013.0007

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

 Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms

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This article reviews the past two decades of research on the SES–health gradient, with a focus on how the mechanisms linking health to each of the dimensions of SES diverge and coincide. It discusses the concept of SES in four domains, namely, education, financial resources, rank, and race and ethnicity. It lays some basic facts about the SES-health gradient and gives a detailed description of each of these socioeconomic correlates of health. This article further examines education and financial resources and concentrates on conceptual approaches that view the individual in isolation. It focuses on the interplay between the individual and society and links between occupation and health. It then summarizes the evidence on racial and ethnic differences in health and provides some concluding remarks.

Keywords: health gradient; socioeconomic; financial resources; individual; society

Article.  17050 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare ; Public Economics

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