Primary Care

Anthony Scott and Stephen Jan

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199238828
Published online September 2012 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

Primary Care

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  • Economics
  • Health, Education, and Welfare
  • Public Economics



The aim of this article is to review the evidence on the role of primary care in health care systems. It focuses on the key issues and evidence from both developed and developing countries and from an economics perspective. It defines the main features of primary care and how these are evolving across countries. It provides an overview of the evidence on whether an expansion or strengthening of primary care improve health outcomes, reduce costs, and improve access. This article also addresses issues around the financing of primary care and the remuneration of primary care workers. It examines the most cost-effective ways to ensure the adequate supply of the primary care workforce in the context of the labor market for primary care workers and global health workforce shortages.

Keywords: primary care; health outcomes; cost-effective; financing; global health

Article.  10947 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare ; Public Economics

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