Article

Measuring inequality and Inequity in Health and Health Care

Eddy Van Doorslaer and Tom Van Ourti

in The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199238828
Published online September 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199238828.013.0035

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Economics

 Measuring inequality and Inequity in Health and Health Care

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  • Economics
  • Health, Education, and Welfare
  • Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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This article examines the measurement of the success of the redistributive function describing strategies used for measuring the inequality of the outcomes of a health care system in terms of the use of care. The discussion of inequalities can be divided into health, health care, and health care payments. This article is concerned with the association between income, on the one hand, and health and health care, on the other. It further discusses the potential underlying causal pathways of this association. It explains in detail that a significant association or causal effect is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the presence of inequalities. Finally, it reviews the economics approaches of measuring socioeconomic inequalities in health and health care that are applied in the empirical literature. The measurement tools developed and used by health economists to analyze socioeconomic inequalities in health and health care are also discussed.

Keywords: inequality; health care; income; socioeconomic; health economists

Article.  14889 words. 

Subjects: Economics ; Health, Education, and Welfare ; Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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