Katherine Sonderegger

in The Oxford Handbook of Systematic Theology

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780199245765
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology


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At the heart of the doctrine of election lies the conviction that God acts, and that such action is characteristic of and essential to the living God. Traditionally, this conviction that God is an acting being has led Christian theologians to hold that election is an ingredient in a larger doctrine, ‘predestination’. Predestination in turn consists of several parts. All creatures are brought into existence and upheld in it through God's decree to create and providentially to sustain what he has created. Even in its bare existence, creation cannot be understood apart from the doctrines of election and providence. The western tradition has taught that God's decree concerning the world includes a determination of some human lives to salvation: this is election to life or glory. These creatures are ‘the elect’, and are received into the heavenly city of God.

Keywords: doctrine of God; election; predestination; providence; salvation

Article.  8106 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion

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