Richard Bauckham

in The Oxford Handbook of Systematic Theology

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780199245765
Published online September 2009 | | DOI:

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Religion and Theology


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Traditionally, eschatology comprised the ‘four last things’ that the Christian faith expects to be the destiny of humans at the end of time: resurrection, last judgement, heaven, and hell. These formed the last section of a dogmatics or a systematic theology, a position they still usually occupy. But in the twentieth century, eschatology ceased to be merely one doctrinal topic among others to be treated after the others; it became something more like a dimension of the whole subject matter of theology. With this development, this article discusses eschatology as the direction of Christian theology; the Christological basis of eschatology; eschatology in cultural contexts; holistic eschatology; eschatological language; the parousia; the last judgement and the question of universal salvation; and the kingdom of God, the vision of God, and eternal participation in God.

Keywords: Christian eschatology; Christian faith; Christology; holistic eschatology; universal salvation; God's kingdom

Article.  7865 words. 

Subjects: Religion ; Philosophy of Religion

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